I saw six of these black Haekel's anemones. The largest number of them that I've seen on a shore. This is similar to what we saw in Jun 2014.
Haddon's carpet anemones. None of those I saw were bleaching. I saw one Swimming anemone. The rest of the team also saw some special anemones such as the Glass anemone, Snaky anemone and Fire anemone.
Knobbly sea stars. We only saw one Knobbly sea star Jun 2014 and Jul 2013.
Thorny sea urchins and one White sea urchin. I also came across one small Red scaly sea star which is dull on the upperside but usually reddish on the underside. I also a few Orange sea cucumbers, two Thorny sea cucumbers, and some Ball sea cucumbers. None of saw a feather star. We saw few in Jun 2014 and many in Jul 2013.
Curvespine cuttlefish. Among the fishes I saw were a small Bartail flathead, and some filefishes. But we didn't find any seahorses today.
Reef octopus. The rest also found interesting nudibranchs such as Bornella and Blue dragon. I saw many large Spotted black flatworms, the rest of the team also saw the one with purple spots. There were some Swimming crabs.
Noble volute snail with such heavy encrustations on its shell. What does this suggest? I would imagine any creature that tries to settle on the shell would be smothered when the snail burrows in teh sand, which these snails do often.
Noble volutes, a few Calf moon snails, many Onyx cowries and some Ovum cowries. None of us saw the Baler snail which we did see in Jun 2014. There were still some Fan shell clams.
Button zoanthids now cover a large area. Large Biscuit sea stars remain numerous.
Skinny sea fan, Candelabra sea fans, Gnarled sea fans. This is similar to what we saw in Jun 2014.
Tree sea fan and another yellowish one that I don't often see.
Pulau Ubin yesterday, some of the large sea fans at Beting Bronok were heavily covered in growths at the tips. Many of the feathery, branching animals were coated with a slimy black hairy growth. Might be some kind of cyanobacteria or marine fungus? We observed the same growths during our survey in Jun 2014 and Jul 2013.
Melted chocolate sponge and Yellow bumpy sponges.
Boulder pore corals. A few Branching pore corals and some tiny patches of Neat hexa corals. None of those I saw were bleaching. I didn't see any other species of corals. There are fewer corals on Beting Bronok now than at Chek Jawa. The corals at Beting Bronok suffered badly from mass bleaching in 2010.
Pink flowery soft corals. Only a few Ball soft corals whereas in Jun 2014 we saw a lot more. There were also some clumps of Knobbly soft corals.
Fern hydroids and the nasty Stinging hydroids. Also many Candy hydroidsalthough most of them were heavily covered in epiphytes.
Spiky sea pens, some Flowery sea pens and some Cerianthids. I didn't see any Slender sea pens.
anemone shrimp on a carpet anemone, in sea fans there were little hermit crabs and winged oysters, and in sea pens pretty Painted porcelain crabs.
Spoon seagrass. This area had a thick layer (sank about to my knees) of very soft silty sediments. This is similar to what we saw in Jun 2014. Is the Beting changing from a rubbly shore to perhaps a more silty seagrassy one?
|Marine life on at Beting Bronok in 2014|
|Marine life on Beting Bronok in 2013.|
|Colourful marine life at Beting Bronok in 2012.|
|Beting Bronok in 2012.|
|Beting Bronok in 2003.|
|Beting Bronok in 2003.|
|Sea fans on Beting Bronok in 2004.|
Where is Beting Bronok? What is it's status and future?
|Click on image for larger view.|
It was good to see that Beting Bronok remains alive and full of fascinating creatures. But to me, it seems to be in steady decline since the reclamation started at nearby Pulau Tekong . It has since also been affected by the flooding that led to mass deaths at Chek Jawa in 2007, and the coral bleaching in 2010 and a ferry ran aground on Beting Bronok in Jul 2011. Here's some old photos of marine life at Beting Bronok. We can only hope for the best for this wonderful reef on our Northern shore.
There are plans that may affect Beting Bronok a in the not too distant future. These include plans to locate at Pengerang Johor, a petrochemical complex that was rejected in Taiwan for environmental and health reasons.
Posts by others on this trip
- Juria Toramae on facebook.
- Loh Kok Sheng on his blog.
- Toh Chay Hoon on facebook.
- Ian Siah on facebook.
- Marcus Ng on facebook.